A Closer Look at Art And Culture In Afghanistan

Afghan civilization dates back at least five thousand years. However, it is believed that humans have been in this region since the Middle Stone Age, many thousands of years ago. Most people attribute the beginning of Afghan culture to about the 500 BC.

For many years the people were nomadic and traveled about a great deal. In fact, one can still find more than a million people living a nomadic lifestyle here. Many different tribes and sections call this country home, and each one has its own unique tradition and heritage. Many different languages are spoken here and it can make traveling across it difficult, as communication may be limited.

Afghan Pashtun society works to preserve an ancient way of life and is much different that cultures that are Persian or Turk. Yet, there are those that live between these cultures and have adapted the ways of both. However, many people still remain illiterate due to their lifestyles.

Most Afghans are proud of their country, ancestry, society, and religious beliefs. For many, there is nothing more important or sacred than personal honor, and loyalty to their particular sect or tribe. This has sparked a number of disputes and wars between tribes for many years.

Wars and conflicts have become a way of life for some Afghans. History is full of many struggles between countries and within the country itself. This creates a simple yet complex lifestyle that most Westerners would find very difficult to understand.

You can visit the streets in Afghanistan and find many people still dressed in the traditional garb. One can encounter many interesting historical sites and artifacts, also. In fact, a section of Herat (a western city) is becoming popular with tourists and has received many renovations.

Afghan art dates back many years and the oldest oil painting originated from this region. You will find many fine representations of Afghan artistic expression in the National Museum and National Archives. Carpet making has been popular for hundreds of years and some of the finest oriental rugs come from this section of the world. One will encounter many types of music here and some most unusual instruments like the rubab, tambla, and sitar, to name a few.

Persian influence is commonly seen especially in poetry. Poetry is something that many Afghans are passionate about. In addition, this part of the world has produced its share of well-known philosophers and scientists.

Diversity is perhaps the most important aspect of art and culture in Afghanistan. It could take years to study and learn about all of the fascinating things that have made up this country and its people. Take the time to explore online and you will find many things that come as a pleasant surprise.

Art and Culture in Australia and Oceania

From the historical perspective, culture has defined Australia and Oceania. Oceania is a group of many islands in Central and Southern Pacific Ocean. Australia, which is one of the smallest islands here, is rich in culture and has a lot to do with understanding of art and culture. With Australia being the main nation dominating Oceania, an exploration of the unique Australian cultures more interesting.

Art and culture of Australia and Oceania is creatively built around the traditional setup of the indigenous people of these societies. The Australian indigenous inhabitants were settlers of the first wave of people in the area. The arts of these indigenous people were mainly inclined to religion. Making of masks was one of the arts that they appreciated and kept.

They also practiced painting, wood carving, tattooing, stone carving and petroglyphs among others. The society’s arts were mainly passed from one generation to the other and their main theme of creating arts was to praise the supernatural. They described their culture as united and hence the name Aboriginal Australian-which included almost all native cultures in Australia in one unified culture.

The Aboriginal Australian culture had a belief and strong spiritual attachments to the environment. It is interesting that the indigenous cultures had only one part to create in their arts-masks. These are even available today in these places as preserved cultural practice.

European colonization disrupted the formation and much practiced cultures of this society. Their paintings and carvings were not respected by the colonizers as they did. They were also forced into several and uneasy cultural forms that diverted their former unified state. Even with this, art and culture in Australia and Oceania were still preserved (but not as original as before).

The contemporary culture had introduced several ways that differed with their original settings. The arts of Australia were never erased by colonizers. Rock art, which is the traditional art known in Australia, remained to unite the Aborigines. They could still practice rock art and hold to their cultural practices like sports. Rugby is one of the most enticing sports that Australia and New Zealand is known for.

Theatre, dance and music are other arts that Australia and Oceania have immensely developed. Classical musicians and performers have since history translated the historical set-up of Australia to the present day. With valued culture in music, the Aborigines kept a unique style of music that is still copied in the contemporary styles.

Their music was respected, especially because it was a way to send messages and praise their unique culture and belief in the supernatural. Their religion was really important. Theatre and film have also shown great developments from simple and local performances to world-class and recognized art.

Bangladesh – Top 5 Art and Cultural Centers to Visit

Bangladesh has a number of art centers and cultural centers being the country rich with rare and unusual historical pieces. These art galleries and cultural centers display the most valuable artifacts considering the country’s well kept treasures. These artifacts are found mostly within the ruins of the ancient buildings and castles in the country. The collections were then displayed and had been open to the public inside these museums.

Though Art and Cultural centers are numerous in Bangladesh, here are the top five must-see Art and Cultural centers of the country:

o    Bengal Gallery of Fine Arts – located in an attractive residential building in the suburbs of Dhaka, Bangladesh. The art gallery is truly beautiful inside and out. It has an amazing garden right outside the building, and a beautiful and artistically designed interior. The building’s spectacular beauty can be viewed the by guests right after they enter the gallery. Bengal Gallery of Fine Arts is the home of the country’s valued art designs and art pieces. The gallery was officially opened to the public in 2000, and has become the leading gallery of Fine Arts ever since. Bengal gallery has already organized many exhibitions and has showcased the works of almost 300 artists both local and abroad. The gallery has been a regular showroom for artworks of Bangladeshi artists.

o    National Art Gallery – this gallery was built in 1974. It is located inside the Shilpaka Academy in Dhaka. The gallery is a two story building, which consists of a number of exhibition halls and work shops. These work shops are being used today for educational purposes such as lectures and practical working. The National Art Gallery is the country’s true historical treasure. It holds the most precious and valuable historical materials of Bangladesh.

o    Saju Art Gallery – located in Gulshan suburbs of Dhaka. For more than three decades, the gallery has been a favorite of artists to display and exhibit their artworks. Tha Saju Art gallery is owned by Ramiz Ahmed Chowdhury Saju, who is now a well respected personality among artists, art dealers and the critics. The Saju Art Gallery is best visited any time of the year.

o    Drik Gallery – a very well-known establishment in Bangladesh for its stylish layout and its beautiful exhibited artworks. Thousands of visitors come here each year to witness different art displays. The gallery is much dedicated to photography and also other arts like painting and sculpture. Drik Gallery also opens various workshops throughout the year prior to the subject of the exhibit.

o    Chitrak Gallery – located in Dhanmondi, a residential area in Dhaka. Different art exhibitions with different themes are held here, consequently so the visitors can always have something new. There are also various events that the gallery organizes such as charitable events where they promote to earn funds for schools and to earn money for feeding programs.

Bangladesh is truly a country of arts. Here is the home of the most artistic and art geniuses of the world which mirrors the country’s beautiful country.